How to Build a Pond

It’s nice to have a pond in your backyard. You can have them professionally installed, but that can be expensive. Why not get the materials yourself and save the cost of labor and delivery? The simple and easy steps below will help you create a wonderful addition to your home.


Required Materials

  • Pump
  • Stones
  • Steaks
  • Lining material
  • Plantings
  • Steaks
  • Water stabilizer
  • Chalk
  • Electric cord
  • Shovel or backhoe
  • String
  • Hammer
  • Hose with water source
  • Tape measure


  1. First, you’ll need to design the layout of the pond. Take into account the environment. Are there any trees or rocks that need to be removed? Is the soil going to handle a pond? Decide what the pond is going to look like. Will it hold koi fish? Will it be on year round? Will it have a waterfall? When you get this designed, steak out and chalk the area of the pond and get ready to work. You should make sure to have all the materials and the designs needed.
  2. Now you need to excavate the site. Dig out the site; you need about 3 to 5 feet. You can do it manually or use a backhoe. If you wish to use a hard tub liner, slide it into place and be sure that the chance of leakage is minimal. If you are using sheet liner, overlap enough onto un-dug ground until all the work is finished. Be sure to add stones to the bottom to keep them in place until all the air is worked out.
  3. Install the pump next. If you are using a hard tub liner, the pump hole should be already made. You can create a waterfall or some small stream to re-direct the recycled water. Place some weed fabric along the stream bed with some stones to hold it in place. Place the hose along the river bed and run it to the starting point of the stream. If you want a strong stream, create a small reservoir at the beginning to let water build up and cascade over the top.
  4. Now we need to plant around the pond. Finish the area around your pond and add suitable plants. Ferns are nice for cooler climates.
  5. Fill your pond with water and start the pump. Talk to your pond store about Koi fish, if that’s an option you want to do. They need to have specially treated water and a certain pH balance.


    • The filter and the water need to be changed regularly. You should check and see what the best times to do this are at the local pond shop.
    • Don’t forget to feed the fish!

Further Reading on How to Build a Pond

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