How to Build a Ramp

When going to a home that has a set of steps, you don’t think of the difficulty it may be for some to climb up. A ramp is a simple alternative to stairs, and even created to be attached to stairs temporarily. You can find some easy designs for ramps at your local home improvement or lumber store.

With a little effort, you’ll have a functional ramp in no time!

Required Materials/Tools

  • Activity sheet and blueprints
  • Wood
  • Brick
  • Carpet samples
  • Rubber treads
  • Masking tape
  • Nail puller
  • Level
  • Screwdrivers
  • Handsaw
  • Drills
  • Tape measure
  • Claw and framing hammers
  • Nail belts
  • Clam
  • Nail gun
  • Plumb bob
  • Staple gun
  • Chisel
  • Pink foam
  • PVC black
  • PVC white
  • Colored stickers
  • Nails and screws
  • Caulking gun
  • Posthole digger


  1. First, we need to get proper permits before starting to put together a ramp. Check your local building codes and specifications. Check to see if you need a permit for the ramp.
  2. You will need to get the measurements for the ramp. Determine how high the ramp needs to be; you will need 1 foot of ramp for every inch of elevation. If you are going to make a turn, there needs to be a 5 foot square landing lined with batter boards.
  3. Mark the posthole locations.
  4. Take the posthole digger and make 6″ deep holes where the posts are going to be put up.
  5. Mix some concrete and fill post tubes that are in the post holes that you dig. Be sure to eliminate the air pockets in the cement. Give 24 hours to dry.
  6. Cut the crossbeams to the length specified by the designs.
  7. Drill a hole for hex headed bolts in the beams you just cut. Tighten them and be sure to use washers.
  8. Create the landing joists by laying them out and cutting them to size. They should fit between the posts.
  9. Add running joists to reinforce them.
  10. When all is done, test the ramp by running up and down it, jumping on it, and shaking it.
  11. If it’s stable, add carpet or traction to prevent slipping.


  • Make sure that your ramp is sanded and has weatherproofing painted on.
  • If you add a handrail, sand it down and paint or add some wood finish to prevent splinters.
  • Like all home additions, proper permits may need to be acquired and you must check with any home owner association for necessary formalities.

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